Is HIV An Autoimmune Disease?September 13, 2023
Well, as a starter we will begin this article by clearing all the medical terminologies. Because we don’t want to confuse you with all these scary vocabularies like AIDs, HIV, and autoimmune diseases, along with many others. Along with this, there are so many misconceptions about the topic that we will address and debunk throughout this article.
Table Of Content
- What Is HIV?
- What Is AIDS?
- What Is An Autoimmune Disease?
- Is AIDs An Autoimmune Disease?
- Are People With HIV Or AIDS At Risk For Autoimmune Diseases?
- How Do I Know If I Have HIV And AIDs?
So stay tuned till the very last and do not keep this information restricted to you only, spread awareness and educate everyone around you. We are on a quest to provide accurate and reliable information about these medical conditions so as many people as possible can prevent themselves from falling into the trap of ill health.
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What Is HIV?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. This virus directly attacks the most important system of the human body i.e, the immunity system. This means your body is not fully arm to fight off foreign viruses and bacteria which will leave your health system vulnerable.
Time to bust the myth. There is a huge misconception among many people that HIV can pass through kissing-like activities and sharing food. So wake up people!! stop being delusional.
Although HIV is a sexually contracted illness, it needs some bodily carriers such as blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal fluid to transmit to another person. Additionally, all the people suffering from HIV do not possess AIDS.
What Is AIDS?
AIDs Stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Do not mistake AIDs for HIV as there is a huge difference between HIV and AIDs. Because the former is the name of the Virus that births the latter illness. However, the illness is the last stage if the virus is not treat initially and properly. If someone is battling with AIDs, that means they have had the virus for over an extended period of time and haven’t gotten therapy or have not properly adapted to medical intervention.
Additionally, the diseases render a person vulnerable to the least opportunistic infections and can lead to severe damage to the immune system.
What Is An Autoimmune Disease?
Autoimmune is a kind of illness that happens when one’s immune system which is generally & biologically responsible for safeguarding the body against viruses and illnesses gets mistaken and kills its very own cells that are otherwise healthy.
This condition can significantly affect any part of the body like joints, skin, muscles, vital organs, blood, and even its vessels. The common examples of this category are type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, psoriasis, lupus, and arthritis.
Since we are speaking of AIDs in this blog, let’s see whether it’s one of the above-mentioned kinds i.e, is HIV an autoimmune disease?
Is AIDs An Autoimmune Disease?
The short and simple answer is NO. Now you might wonder Why is AIDS not an autoimmune disease if it is also link with an immunity disease. Let us explain to you why. AIDs is an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and is not classified as an autoimmune disease because it does not involve the immune system attacking the body’s own cells or tissues. Instead, AIDS is caused by the virus, which specifically targets and destroys certain immune cells, leading to a weakened immune system.
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Are People With HIV Or AIDS At Risk For Autoimmune Diseases?
So far we know from the studies established by medical field research that there is a very minor chance of people with HIV or AIDs developing an autoimmune disease. Let’s take a look at what the study has to say about it.
When researchers looked at the sample of 5186 HIV-positive individuals, they could only find less than 1% of incidences of autoimmune illnesses. This very less than 1% of individuals suffer from thrombocytopenia more frequently than other autoimmune diseases.
However, it’s crucial to speak with your healthcare provider for guidance if you exhibit any signs that may indicate an autoimmune condition. The most popular ones are:
- Unexpected fatigue
- Skin-related abnormalities such as rashes, lesions, or blisters
- Unexpected weight fluctuations
- Muscular pains, joint discomfort, and stiffness
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How Do I Know If I Have HIV And AIDs?
If you rely on symptoms to tell you that you have HIV or AIDs then consider you are long away from getting an accurate diagnosis. Because the symptoms & indicators are quite discreet and very hard to tell it just looks like a normal fever, sore throat, rashes, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.
In fact, many times people may go over years without experiencing any symptoms or illnesses. Clinical latent infection, often known as chronic HIV infection, is at this stage. And at later stages, they might come up with symptoms like diarrhea, excess weight loss, shingles, oral yeast infection, or even pneumonia.
Even if you are in the slightest doubt that you have contracted HIV, don’t delay or hesitate. Get yourself checked right away, there are a plethora of ways you can get it done. The most common way is either to get diagnose at a healthcare center that is completely confidential, quick, and easy or buy yourself a self-testing HIV kit which can do at home easily within 20-25 minutes.
There is no connection between autoimmune disease and STDs as the causes and symptoms vary significantly. The former condition occurs when the body cells(immunity cells) turn against each other and start killing it which is neither transmit sexually nor orally.
Usually, when a person contracts HIV, the virus in the body starts killing a class of white blood cells known as CD4 cells in the immunity system. These cells are very important in keeping the body healthy as they are the ones who combat ailments and diseases.
When your blood has less than 200 CD4 cells per tiny drop i.e, per cubic millimeter, you have got AIDs.